I am a professor in Development and Resource Economics in the School of Economics and Business at Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. I am also an active member of the new Centre for Land Tenure Studies in our university that was established in 2011 and is a collaboration between four of our Departments.
My Profile with publications in Google Scholar
My areas of research interest include (click on topics to get lists of publications):
Land markets and land policies
Land tenure and land reform
Land degradation and land conservation: Incentives and policies
Fertilizer subsidies: Can they be defended?
Food security and safety nets
Farming system evolution and sustainable land management
Program evaluation and impact assessment methods
Land productivity studies
Preferences and experiments
Farm household economics
Countries where I have done most of my research include:
Africa: Ethiopia, Malawi, Uganda, Zambia, South Africa
Asia: China, India, Indonesia, Nepal
I do much of my research in close collaboration with my current and ex- PhD-students. Most of our PhD-students have been from developing countries. I view this collaboration and investment in capacity-building as my most important contribution to development. At the same time we are required to publish internationally and that is also a very important way of disseminating information about our research and ensuring that we do good quality work.
Link to my pictures: Gallery
Current and recent activities:
I presented the paper "Generosity and social distance in dictator game field experiments with and without a face", coauthored with Sosina Bezu at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Norwegian Association of Economists, Stavanger University, January 7-8, 2013. This is an output from our research project "Joint Land Certification: Towards Empowerment or Marginalization?", funded under FRISAM in the Research Council of Norway. Powerpoint
UMB-CLTS arranged a worskhop on Large Scale Land Acquisitions at Litteraturhuset, Oslo, on November 28, 2012, see Link
Invited lecture at the Annual Meeting of the Socioeconomics Program of International Mazie and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) 19-24. November 2012 at Mt. Kenya Safari Club, Kenya:"Farm Household Behavior under Imperfect Markets and Implications for Research and Policy"
Presentation at the international workshop "Evaluating the Impact of Tenure Security Interventions in Developing Countries" at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Washington, DC, on November 2nd, 2012: "Links between Tenure Security and Food Security: Evidence from Ethiopia."
My presentation at Norfund, Aker Brygge, Oslo on October 31, 2012:"Development Impact of Agricultural Investment Projects" (in Norwegian)."
The paper "The Role of Land Certification in Reducing Gender Gaps in Productivity in Rural Ethiopia" written by Mintewab Bezabih, Stein T. Holden and Andrea Mannberg, was given the "Uma Lele’s Award to Best Contributed Paper on Gender" at the International Conference of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), "The Global Bio-Economy" at Iguassu Falls, Cataratas, Brazil, August 18-24, 2012.
I am involved in a new research project "Economics of maize based farming systems for faster technology adoption and sustainable intensification pathways in Eastern and Southern Africa (Adoption Pathways project)”,in cooperation with CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center - www.cimmyt.org/). This is a four year project (2012-2016) financed by the Australian government. The project will assess the potential of improved drought-tolerant maize varieties and establishment of more climate-robust farming systems in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique.
I am involved in a new research project"Measuring the Poverty and Food Security Impacts of Improved Maize in Africa: A Combined Econometric and Micro-Economywide Modeling Approach" in collaboration with CIMMYT, Michigan State University, University of Malawi and University of Zambia. The project is funded by the Gates Foundation under the CGIAR Standing Panel on Impact Assessment. The project period is 2011-2013.
My papers with Rodney Lunduka and Hosaena Ghebru to be presented at the 28th International Conference of Agricultural Economists, The Global Bio-Economy at Iguassu Falls, Cataratas, Brazil, August 18-24, 2012: "Input Subsidies, Cash Constraints and Timing of Input Supply: -Experimental Evidence from Malawi"and "Reverse Share Tenancy and Marshallian Inefficiency: Bargaining Power of Landowners under the Sharecroppers' Productivity"
We arranged an international Land Tenure Reform book workshop on May 29-30, 2012, at Jevnaker, Norway. I am co-editing the book with professor Keijiro Otsuka, Tokyo, and lead economist Klaus Deininger, The World Bank. Program for the workshop
I was key note speaker on the international workshop on large-scale agricultural investments on 11 May 2012 in Hamburg, Germany, arranged by The German Institute of Global and Area Studies. My presentation: "Uncertainty about Future Impacts of Large Land Acquisitions by International Investors in Africa, with Ethiopia as a Case".For further information about the workshop, see the web page.
I presented the paper "Command and control: How does it work? The case of land market restrictions in Ethiopia" in the World Bank Land and Poverty conference April 23-26, 2012. Paper
I am project leader for a new research project (2012-2014) with the title "Joint Certification and Household Land Allocation: - Towards Empowerment or Marginalization?" that is financed by the Research Council of Norway. Sosina Bezu is employed as a researcher on the project. You find the blog for the project here.
My presentation in the World Food Day Colloquium "40 Years of Farming Systems Research for Food Security" at University of Hohenheim on November 11, 2011. www.foodsecurity.de
My presentation "Towards a Food Crisis in Africa? Technology Potential and Constraints" at the Bergen Resource Centre for International Development on the "World Food Crisis?"
Our joint presentation at the AAEA Annual Meeting i Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 24-26.July 2011,
“Can Agricultural Input Subsidies Foster an African Green Revolution? Insights from Malawi”.
We opened the new Centre for Land Tenure Studies(CLTS) at UMB on June 27th, 2011. Program.
My presentations at the
Presentation at UMBs Spring Conference LandKAMP 26th May 2011:
Globalised land utilisation resulting in land grabbing or development opportunities for low-income countries? Ownership rights, poverty and the environment
Program in English Powerpoint(Norwegian)
My presentation at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference 19-20th April 2011, Washinton DC:
Welfare Impacts of Low-Cost Land Certification in Ethiopia
Paper Video Powerpoint Conference program
My presentation at the CSAE 25th Anniversary Conference 2011: Economic Development in Africa in Oxford:
Cash Constraints and Sticky Input Expenditures: -Experimental Evidence from Malawi. Paper
My presentation at UNECA Africa Hall, Addis Ababa, October 28, 2010:
The Potentials from Impact Evaluation: Empirical Applications and Lessons for Enhanced Evidence-based Policy Making Link
My presentation at the World Bank Land Policy and Admininstration Conference April 2010:
Impact of land registration and certification on land border conflicts in Ethiopia.
Paper Powerpoint Program Link.
The video of the opening session is available here.
Some recent papers/publications:
Gebregziabher, G., Namara, R. E. and Holden, S.(2012). Technical Efficiency of Irrigated and Rain-Fed Smallholder Agriculture in Tigray, Ethiopia: A Comparative Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 51 (3), 203-226. Abstract
Bezu, S., Barrett, C. and Holden, S. T. (2012). Does the nonfarm economy offer pathways for upward mobility? Evidence from a panel data study in Ethiopia. World Development 40(8), 1634-1646. Link
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2012). Who Benefit from Malawi's Input Subsidy Program? Forum For Development Studies (Forthcoming). Link
Aryal, J. P. and Holden, S. T. (2012). Livestock and Land Share Contracts in a Hindu Society. Agricultural Economics 43, 1-14.Link Earlier version.
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2012). Do Fertilizer Subsidies Crowd Out Organic Manures? The Case of Malawi. Agricultural Economics 43, 301-312. Link
Kassie, M., Köhlin, G., Bluffstone, R., and Holden, S. T.(2011). Are soil conservation technologies "win-win?" A case study of Anjeni in the north-western Ethiopian highlands. Natural resources forum 35(2), 89-99. Abstract.Paper.
Gebregziabher, G. and Holden, S. T. (2011). Distress Rentals and the Land Rental Market as a Safety Net: Evidence from Tigray, Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 42, 45-60. Abstract
Gebregziabher, G. and Holden, S. T. (2011). Does Irrigation Enhance and Food Deficits Discourage Fertilizer Adoption in a Risky Environment? Eveidence from Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 3(10), 514-528. Link Summary
Hagos, F. and Holden, S. T. (2011). Fertilizer Use by Smallholder Households in Northern Ethiopia: Does Risk Aversion Matter? In R. A. Bluffstone and G. Köhlin (eds.) Agricultural Investment and Productivity. Building Sustainability in East Africa. RFF Press, Washington, DC & London.
Holden, S. T., Deininger, K. and Ghebru, H. (2011). Tenure Insecurity, Gender, Low-cost Land Certification and Land Rental Market Participation. Journal of Development Studies 47(1), 31-47. Link. Earlier version
Holden, S. (2010). Rethinking Development in Africa: Is it Power Traps or Poverty Traps that Block Development? The Nordic Africa Institute website: Link
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2010). The Political Economy of
Targeted Input Subsidies in Malawi. Paper presented at the NFU conference, Oslo, 25-26.November, 2010. Link
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2010). Too Poor to be Efficient? Impacts of the Targeted Fertilizer Subsidy Program in Malawi on Farm Plot Level Input Use, Crop Choice and Land Productivity. Report to NORAD. Department of Economics and Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås.
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2010). Impacts of the fertilizer subsidy program in Malawi: Targeting, household perceptions and preferences. Report to NORAD. Department of Economics and Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås. Link to paper. Link to blog briefs.
Holden, S. T. and Lunduka, R. (2010). Yara, the Fertilizer Industry and the Impacts on Small Farmers in Malawi. Understanding the Issues 1/2010. Norwegian Church Aid, Lilongwe and Oslo. See: Link
Holden, S. T. and Sietchiping, R. (2010). Land, Environment and Climate Change. Challenges, Responses and Tools. Global Land Tools Network, UNHABITAT, Nairobi. See: Link
Holden, S. T. and Bezabih, M. (2008). Gender and Land Productivity on Rented Out Land: Evidence from Ethiopia. In Holden, S. T., Otsuka, K. and Place, F. (Eds.). The Emergence of Land Markets in Africa: Impacts on Poverty and Efficiency. Resources For the Future Press, Washington D.C. See: Link
Holden, S. T., Otsuka, K. and Place, F. (Eds) (2008). The Emergence of Land Markets in Africa: Impacts on Poverty, Equity and Efficiency. Resources For the Future Press, WashingtonD.C. Here
Holden, S. T., Deininger, K. and Ghebru, H. (2009). Impacts of Low-cost Land Certification on Investment and Productivity. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 91 (2):359-373. See: Abstract
Benjaminsen, T. A., Holden, S. T., Lund, C. and Sjaastad, E. (2009). Formalisation of land rights: Some empirical evidence from Mali, Niger and South Africa. Land Use Policy 26: 28–35. See: Abstract
Bezu, S. and Holden, S. T. (2008). Can Food-for-Work Encourage Agricultural Production? Food Policy 33(5): 541-549. See: Abstract
Deininger, K., Ali, D., Holden, S. T. og Zevenbergen, J. (2008). Rural land certification in Ethiopia: Process, initial impact, and implications for the other African countries. World Developmen 36(10): 1786-1812. See: Abstract